Small Islands, Big Food Concerns

Small Islands, Big Food Concerns

mported food is changing people’s dietary habits and introducing lifestyle diseases in many of the world’s tropical island states. One reason is that the transition to a modern economy has made food self-sufficiency both unprofitable and unnecessary. At the same time, this aspect of globalization has reduced hunger and may become a necessary part of climate change adaptation.

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Ensuring Food Production in a Changing Climate

Ensuring Food Production in a Changing Climate

Variations in climate conditions are nothing new for farmers in southern Africa.  The region has long been characterised by variations in temperature and rainfall from year to year (and often within years), punctuated by climate extremes, such as floods and droughts.  But recent research by Oxfam and Kulima Integrated Development Solutions with over 200 farmers in southern Africa highlights how recent observed changes are different in magnitude to what they experienced in the past.

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Artificial Glaciers Provide Water to Farmers

Artificial Glaciers Provide Water to Farmers

Changes in the regions climate, such as decreasing amounts of precipitation and increasingly warmer winters, has resulted in a severe decrease in the number and size of many of the glaciers. The ones that remain are at higher altitudes, too far from villages, and don’t produce significant melt water to irrigate the population's crops. Consequently, the inhabitants only have 2 solutions to survive: one is to migrate to megacities, and the other one is to adapt to these new changes in climate.

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